From the Castle you can head down on the famous Royal Mile, full of shops, restaurants and pubs as well as historic buildings, churches and monumental statues. At the bottom of the Royal Mile you’ll find the 17th century Palace of Holyroodhouse, which is The Queen’s official residence while in Scotland. The most well known Mary, Queen of Scots, lived in the palace for her short reign. You can tour the ground’s gardens and the ornate rooms of the castle. Located across the street is the very modern parliament building. Climbing the volcanic mountain known as Arthur’s Seat gives you a fantastic panoramic view of the city and towards the river and bay. The bay is known by the interesting name of the Firth of Forth (Firth meaning water and Forth meaning black), it eventually flows into the North Sea.